what are hair follicles

What are hair follicles

The human skin is the biggest organ of the body and in its layers, there are skin organs that help in making hair strands. The hair follicle is the skin organ that produces hair. Hair production occurs primarily in three phases which re termed as anagen, catagen and talogen. Anagen is the growth phase, in which the hair strans grows in the follicle through the nutrients that are provided through blood vessels. The cessation phase catagen, is the phase in which the hair grows longer and thicker. Talogen is the resting phase in which the hair slowly loses its viability and eventually falls off. The papilla is a large round structure found at the base of the hair. It is shaped like a bulb and is composed of connective tissue and a capillary loop, providing oxygen and nutrients to the follicle. The hair matrix is found around the papilla and it is a collection of the skin cells that are found with the pigment producing cells called melanocytes. Any kind of malfunction in the melanocytes causes the hair color to be affected, making it white. Cell division in the hair matrix produces more cells that form the major structures of the hair fiber and the inner root sheath. The most interesting thing about hair atrix is that it is one of the fastest growing cell populations in the human body. This is why some types of chemotherapy treatments harm the hair matrix, causing the patient to lose hair. The papilla is shaped like a bulb and the hair matrix surrounds it. This provides access for the capillaries to deliver nutrients to the hair follicle. The root sheath is another part of the hair follicle and is composed of an external and internal root sheath. The external root sheath appears hollow while the internal root sheath is composed of three layers. The hair fiber produced through the follicle is built up of keratin, a hair protein. Hair follicles are the primary part in hair transplant procedures since it is the sack that holds the whole hair producing mechanism. In the various hair restoration methods such as strip harvest, follicular unit extraction (FUE) and follicular unit transplantation (FUT), naturally-occurring groupings of one to four hair, called follicular units, are extracted from the hair restoration patient and then surgically implanted in the balding area of the patient’s scalp, known as the recipient area. These follicles are extracted from the donor site, usually from the scalp. When these follicles are transplanted to the bald area, they continue to grow hair in the normal hair cycle hence providing the hair restoration patient with a permanent solution to hair loss. Hair transplantation was done in the 1950s for conditions that caused hair growth disorder such as accidental scars and burns. In the 1990s, hair transplantation became a cosmetic procedure and people turned to it for hair restoration to eradicate hair loss.

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