Pattern Baldness

Pattern Baldness

Baldness is a condition in which a person has little or no hair growth on the scalp. Baldness can cause gaps in hair growth and can also result in shiny skin patches with no hair growth at all. The degree and pattern of baldness varies according to the causes as well as gender. The most common cause of baldness is male and female pattern baldness, which is also known as androgenic alopecia. Extreme forms of alopecia involve the loss of scalp hair and in the most extreme case it can result in alopecia universalis, which means all the body hair fall out and there is no hair growth in any region of the body. Male pattern baldness is related to the genetic set up and is the most common cause of baldness in males. Usually it follows a pattern in which the hair line recedes to a great extent while hair is also lost from the top or crown of the head. Each strand of hair grows in a cavity in the skin called follicle. Baldness occurs when the hair follicle shrinks in size but does not lose viability gradually. The follicle does not grow new hair, however, the follicles remain alive, which suggest that it’s possible to grow new hair. In most cases, the male pattern baldness begins at the hairline. This moves backward with time forming an M shape and the hair becomes thinner and lesser in number. This creates a U shaped pattern of hair around the sides of the head. Hair weaving, hairpieces, or change of hairstyle may disguise the hair loss in the beginning stages of baldness. Hair transplant provides a permanent solution for hair loss and baldness. Each hair grows for a couple of years and then falls out, and in female pattern baldness, the duration of hair growth reduces and the new hair produced is thinner and finer. The reason for female pattern baldness may be related to aging, hormonal changes or family history. However, with time, younger women are also experiencing female pattern baldness. Women often use harsh chemical and heat to style their hair which exposes the strands to extremities and that also results in hair loss. On female pattern baldness, hair thins mainly on the top and crown of the scalp. Usually this starts with an increase in hair gaps. This kind of hair loss is permanent but there are a few medicines available that can positively affect the hair growth. The most popular medicine is minoxidil. It is a topical lotion applied to the scalp. Apart from this, hair transplants are the best option since they provide a permanent solution without any hassle of following a hair care routine or applying medicines. Hair transplants are a method that involves removal of hair from an area of good hair growth and then planting it on the bald patch. Older methods of hair transplant caused minor scarring but as new technologies have come up, the results are natural and everlasting.

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