Hair Transplant Procedure
Hair transplant were done initially in the 1950s for the sole purpose of treating hair growth issues resulting from accidental scars and hair gaps resulting from burns or birth deformities. Since this kind of procedure became very successful and totally concealed abnormal gaps and covered burn and birth marks, the hair transplant became a cosmetic procedure that was used to treat people who suffered from baldness. There are two types of hair transplants; the strip method and the follicular unit extraction (FUE). In Strip harvest method, sharp instruments are used to remove a strip of hair from the back of the head or any other part which has good hair growth. This strip is then dissected into smaller unites and then planted on the bald patch. The wound from removing the strip of hair is stapled together by the use of surgical staples. The FUE procedure involves extraction of individual hair follicles and then planting these follicles on the bald patch. Before the procedure it is advised that the candidate does some research and finds a good surgeon and clinic for this kind of a procedure. Hair transplant surgeries are a sensitive procedure since the whole outlook of a person depends on this and it is difficult to entrust your appearance to a total stranger. The past patients’ testimonies, experiences and results must be observed before engaging any surgeon. Once the surgeon is selected, consultation takes place. During this consultation all the aspects of the procedure are discussed. The surgeon takes his patient’s history of medication and in case of any medical conditions such as diabetes or blood pressure, it is necessary for the doctor to be aware. Apart from this the doctor talks to his patient about his expectations and prepares him about the result of the surgery. Once the cost and all other aspects are finalized, the doctor asks the candidate to cleanse his or her scalp properly before the surgery. Local anesthesia is given to the surgeon at the donot site as well as the recipient site. According to the method chosen, the surgeon removes either a strip of hair or individual follicles. The patient is awake throughout the surgery. If the donor site is at the back of the head, the patient has to lie on his stomach in order to allow the surgeon to collect hair. Once this is done, a break is given and then the follicles or strip units are planted at the recipient site. All the while during plantation, the patient sits straight but in an inclined position. This time may be used to watch television or read a book. Once the hair follicles or strip units are planted the patient can go home. The surgeon gives a follow up care routine which must be followed to ensure everlasting results. This includes a few pain killers to relieve headache and antibiotics to avoid any infection. The patient is also allowed to use shampoo the day after the surgery to keep the recipient site clean.